Science & Engineering


Science & Engineering

This section is an evolving compilation of documents providing insight into some of the mechanisms causing failures and/or decreased performance of internal combustion engines.

Carbon Deposits

  • Overview of Carbon Deposits

    Summary of knowledge carbon accumulations in an internal combustion engines.

  • Carbon Deposits Cause and Effect

    Summary of causes and effects of carbon accumulations in internal combustion engines.

  • CRC_595 Carbon deposits

  • Engine Basics: Detonation & Pre-ignition – Cline

  • Carbon Deposits – cleaning up what is left over

  • Emissions Control Technology

  • Portable emissions measurement system

  • Low Load reduces Generator volumetric efficiency

  • Toyota on EGR

  • Toyota_on_Carbon_Deposits

  • Influence of EGR on Durability & Oil Condition

  • EGR – Contaminated Engine Oil

  • Oil

  • Modeling & Simulation of Oil Transport for Studying Piston Deposit Formation in IC Engines – McGrogan

    Thesis using mathematical simulation to get better understanding of the oil dynamics in an I.C. engine

  • Making Sense Of New Diesel Engine Oil Specifications: CK-4 and FA-4


  • Noack Volatility Test Method

    ASTM Standard for testing oil volatility; PQI America

  • Understanding How Engines Consume Oil

    Well organized discussion on the importance of engine oil properties; Machinery Lubrication

  • Lubricant Oxidation Analysis and Control

    Chemistry of Oil Oxydation processes, analysis, and control; Machinery Lubrication

  • Fuel

  • More efficient utilization of Fuel

    This is a very early article in the Society of Automotive Engineering by Charles Kettering discussing the chemistry of combustion in the internal combustion engine.

  • Air Separation in Diesel Fuel

    This article describes the phenomena of air in fuel and its effects. It is a ‘Fact Sheet’ by Parker Hannifin Corporation.

  • Dissolved Oxygen in Diesel Fuel

    This article from the Journal of Polish CIMAC discusses dissolved oxygen in diesel fuel and the forming the harmful compounds in exhaust gases such as NOx and PM.

  • Dissolved Air in Gasoline

    This paper from 1925 addresses the problems associated to air dissolved in gasoline.

  • Carbon in Motors – 1918

    New York Times article by Willian Stewart in 1918 about the harm from carbon in engines.

  • Jet Fuel Explosion Experiments

    Pages 46-48 describe the volume of air and water in fuel at various pressures.

  • Cavitation Overview: Fuels & Oils

    Wikipedia summary of the theory and observation of fluid cavitation causes and effects on fluid stability and container damage.